Risk aversion plunged on the positive news of the Russia-Ukraine talks. After several days of rising oil prices, the price of precious metals continued to fall. Domestic futures markets remain stable for the time being.
Back in international markets, WTI crude futures briefly dipped below $100 a barrel, while Brent crude hit its lowest intraday level in nearly two weeks. Spot gold briefly fell below $1,900 an ounce. Comex gold futures closed down 1.1 percent at $1,918.4 an ounce. Comex silver futures closed down 1.14 percent at $24.91 an ounce. "Recently, crude oil prices have been extremely sensitive to changes in geopolitical news." Traders believe that the current oil price is still in the broad impact, Ukraine will still be a premium in the case, although the market further decline, but should not be too pessimistic, it is recommended to wait and see for the time being. The Ukrainian premium is still there and there will be some volatility in the concrete superplasticizer market.
Concrete water reducing agent is one of the technical ways to reduce the cement dosage, improve the utilization rate of industrial waste residue, and realize the durability and high performance of concrete. It is also one of the key materials for the development of concrete to high-tech field. And polycarboxylate type water reducing agent (PC) has become a kind of efficient water reducing agent with the most rapid development and the largest market potential because of its low toxicity and environmental protection characteristics. Compared with the traditional admixtures, the admixtures have become the focus of worldwide research and development because of their excellent dispersibility and slump retention ability.
Although polycarboxylate water reducing admixture outstanding performance and ability to maintain good slump has been widely recognized, but because of the existence of mineral composition, cement fineness, cement plaster form and content, admixture adding amount, and the mixing process of concrete mixture ratio, water has a very high sensitivity, seriously affected the existing products are widely used in engineering.
What is Polycarboxylate Series Water Reducing Agent?
Polycarboxylate superplasticizer is a kind of surfactant containing carboxylic graft copolymer. Its molecules are comb shaped and have high steric hindrance effect. As the third generation of high-performance water reducing agent after lignosulfonate ordinary water reducing agent, naphthalene series aliphatic group, sulfamate and other high-efficiency water reducing agent.
It is because of molecular structure design performance is good, high reduce water, low admixture amount, keep slump good, enhance good, contain alkali amount is low, to set time influence is small, and most cement compatibility is good and pollution-free and other advantages are regarded as the most development potential of water reducing agent variety.
Polycarboxylate superplasticizer is a new high-efficiency superplasticizer developed and produced successfully after naphthalene, melamine, aliphatic and sulfamate superplasticizer. In its content is low (solid content 0.15% - 0.25%) can produce an ideal water reducing and enhanced effect, less impact on the setting time of concrete and slump retention, adaptability to cement and admixture is relatively good, a smaller influence on drying shrinkage of concrete (usually not too much increase drying shrinkage), without the use of formaldehyde in the process of production and does not discharge waste liquor, SO The low content of 42- and Cl- has been praised by researchers and some users since the beginning.
Why should Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer be Modified?
Compared with naphthalene series high efficient water reducing agent, such as, although poly carboxylic acid water reducing agent in the reduction of water conservation slump has obvious advantages in aspects of environmental protection, but there are some technical problems in the practical engineering application, such as water reducing effect of concrete raw materials, mixing ratio, water reducing agent dosage dependence is very big, fresh concrete performance is sensitive to water consumption, easy preparation of large liquidity segregation layer. Poor compatibility with other water-reducing agents and modified components and poor product stability greatly restrict the wide application and development of polycarboxylate water-reducing agents.
In order to overcome the technical defects in the application of polycarboxylate water-reducing agent, or to improve some or some properties of concrete (workability, slump retention, reduction of bleeding, improvement of early strength, low shrinkage, etc.), it is necessary to modify the concrete.
In practice, the commonly used modification methods include synthetic technology and compound technology. Compared with the synthetic process, the compound method has the advantages of simple operation and low cost, so it is widely used in practical applications. Polycarboxylate series compound technology, is the polycarboxylate series water-reducing agent and other components (such as slow coagulation, defoamy, air induction, early strength and other components) according to a certain proportion of the combination compound, in order to achieve the coordination of the superposition of each component.
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New Delhi: India is seeking to increase its purchases of crude oil from Brazil, the country's oil minister said recently after meeting his Brazilian counterpart.
India is the world's third-largest importer and consumer of crude oil. Brazil currently supplies only a fraction of India's crude oil imports.
India's state-owned companies Bharat Petroleum Corp and Oil and Natural Gas Corp have invested in oil and gas exploration in Brazil.
India, which imports about 84% of its crude oil needs, is reducing its import bill by increasing biofuel use, among other things.
India's state-owned fuel retailers are increasing ethanol storage capacity by 51 percent and the country plans to double the biofuel blend in petrol to 20 percent by 2025.
India and Brazil are currently cooperating on biofuels and ethanol.
The prices of many commodities like the concrete superplasticizer are expected to increase in the future.
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